Published on Dec 1, 2017
Bhaktamara Stotra is the most famous of the Jain sanskrit prayers. It was composed by Acharya Manatunga.
The name Bhaktamara comes from a combination of two sanskrit names, "Bhakta" (Devotee) and "Amar" (Immortal). So, it is said that by recitation of this Stotra, a person gets free from the worldly bonds, attains salvation, and hence becomes immortal.
सम्यक् प्रणम्य जिन पादयुगं युगादावालंबनं भवजले पततां जनानाम् || १|| यः संस्तुतः सकल-वांग्मय- तत्व-बोधाद्-उद्भूत- बुद्धिपटुभिः सुरलोकनाथैः
स्तोत्रैर्जगत्त्रितय चित्त-हरैरुदरैःस्तोष्ये किलाहमपि तं प्रथमं जिनेन्द्रम्||२||
As the second verse states, it is in the praise of the first Tirthankara, Lord Rishabha. There is some variation in the number of verses of the available manuscripts; some have 48 verses, while others have 44 verses. A few have 52 verses. The last verse gives the name of the author Manatunga.
According to legends that are given in several texts, the Jain monk Mantunga was chained and imprisoned by the local King Vriddha Bhoj. Mantunga composed his stotra in the prison. With the completion of each verse, a chain broke, (A door opened). Manatunga was free when all the verses were finished.