Published on Dec 1, 2017
Micchāmi Dukkaḍaṃ (मिच्छामि दुक्कडम्) is an ancient Indian phrase, which is translated from Prakrit to literally mean "may all the evil that has been done be fruitless." It is commonly used to seek forgiveness and to mean, "If I have offended you in any way, knowingly or unknowingly, in thought, word or deed, then I seek your forgiveness."
It is used widely in the Jain religion on the last day (Samvatsari or Kshamavani) of Paryushana, the most important annual holy event of the Jain calendar. As a matter of ritual, Jains greet their friends and relatives on this last day with Micchāmi Dukkaḍaṃ, seeking their forgiveness. No private quarrel or dispute should be carried beyond this time. The importance of forgiveness in Jainism may be compared to the importance of forgiveness in other religions.
micchāmi dukkaḍaṃ is most commonly used on the last day (Samvatsari) of one of the most holy annual Jain
events, Paryushana. After pratikramana (Jain prayer, literally meaning "introspection"), Jains seek forgiveness
from almost all the creatures of the world whom they may have harmed knowingly or unknowingly by uttering the
Paryushana frequently falls in August or September during Cāturmāsa, four months into the rainy season. This
annual holy time for Jains is reserved for prayers, meditation, introspection, penance, and fasting. Even the
wandering monks temporarily abandon their wandering life and settle down amidst laymen, giving discourses and
organizing scriptural recitations.
Traditionally, letters were sent and telephone calls made to friends and relatives asking their forgiveness.