Tanakh versus Old Testament

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Published on Dec 1, 2017
The Tanakh and the Old Testament have many similarities but they are not the same scripture. The number and arrangement of books and the inclusion of some apocryphal books is the major difference between the Jewish Tanakh and the Christian Old Testament.

If you are interested in learning about the Hebrew text it is important to use a good Tanakh and not use a Christian Old Testament. If you are truly interested in learning from the Tanakh I would recommend learning Biblical Hebrew and not always relying on a translation.

Sources:
Tzvee Zahavy. “Gittin.” halakhah.com. Halkhah.Com, n.d. [http://halakhah.com/pdf/nashim/Gittin.pdf]

Robert Newman. “The Council of Jamnia and the Old Testament Canon.” ibri.org. Interdisciplinary Biblical Research Institute, 1983. [http://www.ibri.org/RRs/RR013/13jamnia.html]

HaAretz, Fragment of Ancient Parchment from Bible Given to Jerusalem Scholars (11/6/07) [http://www.haaretz.com/hasen/spages/920915.html]

C. Leviant, A Review of The Leningrad Codex: A Facsimile Edition (1998) [http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/reviews/codex.html]

West Semitic Research Project. “The Leningrad Codex.” usc.edu. West Semitic Research Project, n.d. [http://www.usc.edu/dept/LAS/wsrp/educational_site/biblical_manuscripts/LeningradCodex.shtml]

D.N. Freedman, The Leningrad Codex: A Facsimile Edition (Grand Rapids, MI: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1998) [http://books.google.com]

Ernst Wurthwein & Erroll Rhodes (trans.), The Text of the Old Testament, 2nd ed. (Grand Rapids, MI: William B. Eerdmans
Publishing Company, 1995) [http://books.google.com]

Orthodox Wiki. “Old Testament.” orthodoxwiki.org. Orthodox Wiki, n.d. [http://orthodoxwiki.org/Old_Testament]

Blue Letter Bible. “Gospel of Luke 24 - (NKJV - New King James Version).” blueletterbible.org. Blue Letter Bible, 1996. [http://www.blueletterbible.org/Bible.cfm?b=Luk&c=24&t=NKJV]

James Waterworth (trans.). “Canons and Decrees of the Council of Trent: The Fourth Session.” bible-researcher.com. Bible Research, 1848. [http://www.bible-researcher.com/trent1.html]

Papal Encyclicals Online. “Council of Basel 1431-45: Session 11 4 February 1442.” papalencyclicals.net. Papal Encyclicals Online, n.d. [http://www.papalencyclicals.net/Councils/ecum17.htm]

Henry Wansbrough (ed.), The New Jerusalem Bible: Reader’s Edition. (New York: Doubleday, 1990).

Thomas Nelson, Inc., The Holy Bible in the King James Version. (Nashville: Thomas Nelson Publishers, 1984).

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